2021 History of 20 regions of Italy

Gail Vilardo Frommeyer, Cuisine Editor

January 2021

 

To all La Voce Italiana readers Buon Anno! To start the new year in our travels to the 20 Regions of Italy. This month’s article will feature a short history with a few interesting facts about the Regions.

History: During the Kingdom of Italy, regions were administrative districts of the central state. Under the Republic, they were granted a measure of political autonomy by the 1948 Italian Constitution. The original draft list comprised the Salento  region ( which was eventually included in the Apulla).  Friuli and Giulia were separate regions, and Basilicata was named Lucania. Abruzzo and Molise were identified as separate regions in the first draft. They were later merged onto Abruzzo e Molise in the final constitution of 1948. They were separated in 1963.

Regions acquired a significant level of autonomy following a constitutional reform in 2001 (brought about by a center-left government and confirmed by a popular referendum), which grated them residual policy competence. A further federalist reform was proposed by the regionalist party, Lega Nord and 2005, the center-right government led by Silvio Berlusconi proposed a new reform that would have greatly increased the power of the regions.

The proposals, which had been particularly associated with Lega Nord, and seen by some as leading the way to a federal state, were rejected in 2006 Italian constitutional referendum.

Listed is each region and information of numbers per capita.

 

·         Flag Name GDP 2011,
million EUR
[11]
GDP per capita 2011,
EUR
[11]
GDP 2011,
million PPS
[11]
GDP per capita 2011,
PPS
[11]
Abruzzo 30,073 22,400 29,438 21,900
Aosta Valley 4,328 33,700 4,236 33,000
Apulia 69,974 17,100 68,496 16,700
Basilicata 10,744 18,300 10,517 17,900
Calabria 33,055 16,400 32,357 16,100
Campania 93,635 16,000 91,658 15,700
Emilia-Romagna 142,609 32,100 139,597 31,400
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 36,628 29,600 35,855 29,000
Lazio 172,246 29,900 168,609 29,300
Liguria 43,998 27,200 43,069 26,700
Lombardy 337,161 33,900 330,042 33,200
Marche 40,877 26,100 40,014 25,500
Molise 6,414 20,100 6,278 19,700
Piedmont 125,997 28,200 123,336 27,600
Sardinia 33,075 19,700 32,377 19,300
Sicily 83,956 16,600 82,183 16,300
Trentino-Alto Adige 35,797 34,450 35,041 33,700
Tuscany 106,013 28,200 103,775 27,600
Umbria 21,533 23,700 21,078 23,200
Veneto 149,527 30,200 146,369 29,600